A waste is an unusable item that a person throws away or abandons. Indeed, all human activity generates its share of garbage. The worldwide growth of the consumer population has doubled the amount of this waste in just 40 years. Hence the need to implement proper waste management. Paper, cardboard, glass, plastics, and metals… represent a high health risk that should not be taken lightly.
Thus, recycling is the only possible solution, starting with our household waste.
The principle of domestic recycling
Domestic recycling is an operation that takes place within the framework of good waste management in a home, although the number one priority is to avoid producing it.
Indeed, the recycling process is a preventive measure allowing substances, materials and/or products to be transformed to be reused. For example, composting is a form of household recycling .
There are different ways to perform this type of recycling. However, the most ecological remains energy recovery. It is about using waste as fuel. This practice is effective and, at the same time, respectful of nature.
Despite digital development, using paper is a practice that persists in companies. It represents 75% of office waste, and each employee consumes about three reams per month. However, paper and cardboard are easily recyclable and can be reintegrated into the paper industry thanks to the intervention of specific organizations.
To help you sort through your waste, here is an exhaustive list of recyclable materials:
No. 1: metals, recycling heavyweights thanks to high collection rates
There are 2 categories of metals: ferrous metals and non-ferrous metals including copper and aluminum, which are 100% recyclable! For some time now, the figures have shown a substantial effort in terms of recycling at this level. The figures show 406,000 tonnes of metal packaging recycled in one year, which is a record!
N°2: glass, a second life thanks to recycling
We know little about the glass recycling process. However, these are collected at home and sorted in a specialized centre . Not all types of glass are recyclable, such as vitroceramic glasses, crystal, etc.
The first sorting is mechanical, making it possible to remove all the metal elements (corks, etc.). Then, optical sorting equipment eliminates non-transparent, non-recyclable elements. Finally, a blower removes the last elements before crushing and then melting.
No. 3: wood, well collected and better and better recycled
Each year, 7.2 million tonnes of wood waste are produced in France, of which professionals collect nearly 89%. Of these, 70% are recovered in terms of material, ie, the, wood is used as combustion energy. The results are excellent.
No. 4: plastics, unrivaled properties, and challenges to be met to continue to increase their recycling rate
Although ubiquitous daily, plastic packaging is increasingly seen as a threat. Despite this reality, the recycling rate of plastic household packaging is still low because it cannot all be collected at the same time everywhere in the world.
The modernization of infrastructures will make it possible to increase the number of tonnes collected over the next few years. To increase the action of recycling domestic plastics, it would be necessary to use a single material to the mixtures of materials. Many manufacturers are already moving in this direction.